Mitochondria in HeLa cells are identified by mito-YFP (green). When fixed cells are unpermeabilized (not treated with detergent), antibodies to cyctochrome c (red), a mitochondrial matrix marker, and Tom20 (white), a mitochondrial outer membrane marker, are unable to reach and bind their epitopes. Mito-YFP transfected HeLa cells were treated with DMSO for 3 hrs, fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde and not permeabilized. Primary antibodies used were: anti-Cyt c mAb (BD) and anti-Tom20 mAb (BD); secondary antibodies used were: Alexa Fluor 594 and 647. Imaging was performed on an LSM510 Meta (Carl Zeiss, Inc) with a 63x 1.4 NA oil differential interference contrast Plan Apo objective. Image contrast and brightness were adjusted in the LSM image browser (Zeiss). This image corresponds to Fig 4b, top row and is a control experiment for a differential permeabilization assay with and without the mitochondrial depolarizing agent CCCP (carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone) that is further described in Fig 4b of J Cell Biol, 191: 933-942, 2010. Images in Fig 4 include CIL#s 13733, 13734, 13729, 13730, 13731, 13732, 13717, 13718, 13719, 13720, 13721, 13722, 13723, 13724.
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